Amelia Peláez

Amelia Pelaez (1896 – 1968) Cuban

Amelia Pelaez del Casal. Born in Yaguajay, Cuba, 1896. Died in Havana, 1968.

Amelia Pelaez entered San Alejandro at the relatively late age of twenty, graduating with honors in 1924, at San Alejandro she was one of Romañach’s leading students in the areas of drawing, color, and landscape. The year of her graduation she and her colleague Maria Pepa Lamarque held a two-person show at the association of painters and sculptors in Havana, where Peláez exhibited a series of romantic landscapes typical of her early work.

In the summer of 1924 she visited New York on a travel grant and studied at the arts student league for six months. A more substantial grant from the Cuban government sent her to Paris in 1927 for the purpose of studying French museums and academies. In Paris, Amelia Pelaez attended drawing and art history courses at La Grande Chaumiere, the ecole nationale superieure de beaux arts, and the ecole de louvre. She also drew and painted at the Louvre. She obtained what she considered her most important formal training from alexandra exter’s courses in design and color theory in which she enrolled between 1931 and 1934.

She has also acknowledged her debt to the art of matisse, braque, and picasso in developing at this time a personal version of synthetic cubism. Her parisian stay culminated with a one-person show at the galerie zak in 1933, where she presented thirty-eight paintings and gouaches of landscapes, female figures, and still lifes with an introduction by francis de miomandre. The following year she participated in the exposition de livres manuscrits at the galerie myrbor with her illustrations for leon paul fargue’s sept poemes. Before leaving Paris she published in la volonte an article on modern Cuban painting entitled “les peintres cubains in paris.”

Amelia Pelaez returned to cuba in 1934, making a studio at her home in the vibora district of havana. Amelia Pelaez began to exhibit regularly in havana in 1918, and after her one-person show at the lyceum in 1935 she became one of the leading representatives of the vanguardia. She held numerous one-person shows during her lifetime and has been the subject of major retrospective exhibitions at the museo nacional in havana 1968, the Cuban Museum of Art and Culture in Miami 1988, and the Fundacion Museo de Bellas Artes in Caracas 1991. She participated in most of the national salons held in Havana and won awards at the salons of 1935, 1938, 1956, and 1959.

In the 1940s she began to exhibit in the United States and Latin America, gaining a measure of international recognition which today is on the increase. Her paintings and ceramics are in numerous private and public collections in Cuba, Latin America, and the United States. In the United States there are important examples of her paintings in the collections of the museum of modern art in New York and the Art Museum of the Americas in Washington. D.C.

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