Victor Patricio Landaluze y Uriarte (1830 – 1889) Cuban
He was Costumbrismo painter, cartoonist and political Spanish caricaturist, active in Cuba. He founded the satirical newspaper “Don Junípero” (1862) in Havana and worked in various weeklies. Although he opposed Cuba’s independence from Spain, his character Liborio, the peasant, became a symbol for the Cuban people. He also created other native art pieces, made in watercolor, drawing and óleo. A genuine Cuban theme was visible in his works as he captured the popular scenes of colonial society in the second half of XIX century.