Jaime Colson (1901 – 1975) was a modernist painter from the Dominican Republic. Along with Yori Morel and Dario Suro, he is considered one of the founders of the modernist school of Dominican painting. Born in San Felipe de Puerto Plata, he moved to Spain in 1918 to study art in Madrid and Barcelona. He lived in Paris from 1924 to 1934, where he was greatly influenced by Cubists Picasso, Braque and Leger. In 1934 Colson moved to Mexico, teaching art at the Escuela de Arte para los Trabajadores. While in Mexico, he worked and became friends with prominent artists, including David Alfaro Siqueiros, Jose Clemente Orozco and Diego Rivera. In 1938, he moved to Havana, where he exhibited and taught. One of his students was the Cuban modernist Mario Carreño Morales. He returned to Santo Domingo in 1950 and continued to teach.
Primarily a figurative artist, Colson experimented with several different artistic styles, including Cubism, Surrealism, and Neoclassicism.
Colson died in Santo Domingo in 1975.